ALARMING INCREASE OF CANCER RATE IN INDIA

ALARMING INCREASE OF CANCER RATE IN INDIA

September 4, 2019

India has a rapidly growing population inflicted with cancer diagnosis. From an estimated incidence of 1.45 million cases in 2016, the cancer incidence is expected to reach 1.75 million cases in 2020. With the limitation of facilities for cancer treatment, the only effective way to tackle the rising and humongous cancer burden is focusing on preventable cancer cases. Approximately, 70% of the Indian cancers (40% tobacco related, 20% infection related and 10% others) are caused by potentially modifiable and preventable risk factors.

“Breast cancer is currently the most common cancer among Indian women, both in terms of incidence as well as mortality, with proportional prevalence in younger age-groups being higher than the global average.”

  1. There are more than 100 types of cancers; almost any part of the body can be affected.
  2. The five most frequent cancers (ranking defined by the total number of cases) in India between men and women are breast, cervical, oral cavity, lung, and colorectal. These top five account for 47.2 per cent of all cancers
  3. Cancer is the second most common cause of deathin India (after cardiovascular disease).
  4. Use of tobacco products (e.g. smoking cigarettes) is the single most preventable cause of death worldwide. As many as 2,500 persons die every day due to tobacco-related diseasesin India.

Tobacco (smoked and smokeless) use accounted for 3,17,928 deaths (approx.) in men and women in 2018.

  1. More women in India die from cervical cancerthan in any other country. Rural women are at higher risk of developing cervical cancer as compared to their urban counterparts.
  2. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in India and accounts for about a quarter of all cancers in womenin Indian cities.
  3. The average age for breast cancer in India is almost a decade lower than that in the west.
  4. Cancers of major public health relevance such as breast, oral, cervical, gastric, lung, and colorectal cancer can be cured if detected early and treated adequately. One woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes in India

According to some reports” “Breast cancer accounts for about a quarter of all cancers in women and the rate is approximately 25.8 per one lakh women and is expected to rise to 35 per one lakh women in 2026,”

 

Cancer Statistics in India 

Estimated number of people living with the disease: around 2.25 million

Every year, new cancer patients registered: Over11,57,294 lakh

Cancer-related deaths:7,84,821

Risk of developing cancer before the age of 75 years

Male: 9.81%

Female: 9.42%

Total deaths due to cancer in 2018

Total:7,84,821

Men:4,13,519
Women: 3,71,302

Risk of dying from cancer before the age of 75 years is 7.34% in males and 6.28% in females.

Cancers of oral cavity and lungs account for over 25% of cancer deaths in males and cancer of breast and oral cavity account for 25% cancers in females