How our Lifestyle Changes will Prevent from Cancer?

How our Lifestyle Changes will Prevent from Cancer?

February 10, 2020

In the developed world, Cancer has overtaken Cardiovascular disease as the commonest cause of death Taken together, Cancers still comprise the second most common cause of death in India (after Cardiovascular disease). As per the recent Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) data, India had 1.4 million cancer patients and the disease burden has doubled in the last quarter-century. Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Oral Cancer, and Lung Cancer together constitute 41 percent of this load. This number is expected to rise, driven by several factors.

Although cancer is known to have genetic origins, there is an increasing awareness that cancer is spreading because of dysfunctionality in human lives. Despite technological advances and breakthroughs in healthcare the incidence of cancer is increasing in our world A disease like cancer results from a combination of past imprints and current life choices. Our day to day lifestyle adds to the severity and growth of cancer. While we tend to put our entire effort to address aspects that are in our control i.e. lifestyle, we are not equipped to address genetic alterations resulting from billions of years of evolution. Through this blog, I aim to provide an outline of the simple steps and measures that one can take towards leading a healthy and Cancer free life.

Can cancer be prevented?

As an Oncologist, this question chases me relentlessly. In the real world, as in the virtual, it is directed at me by a diverse range of people cutting across gender, age and social class. The answer is complex but unambiguous. About two thirds of all cancers are directly linked to modifiable lifestyle factors like smoking, diet, obesity and inactivity. So yes, Cancers can be prevented. The nuance is that not all cancers can be prevented, and non-modifiable risk factors like heredity and random chance also play a smaller but still significant part in carcinogenesis.
There’s no time like the present to start making positive lifestyle changes to feel better and live longer

How our Lifestyle Changes will Prevent from Cancer?

When we talk about cancer prevention, we’re essentially focusing on behaviors and factors we can control. Dr VIMALATHITHAN, renowned Oncologist in south India compiled the basic recommendations based on the latest scientific evidence on cancer prevention. These recommendations that most people can follow without any special skills or advice. The more recommendations people follow, the lower their risk of cancer will be.
Here are some key lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your cancer risk.

Lifestyle Choices May Prevent Cancer

  • Quit Smoking & Tobacco in any form
  • Achieve and maintain a healthy weight throughout life
  • Be physically active

Adults:
Get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity each day (or a combination of these), preferably spread throughout the week.

Children and teens:
Get at least 1 hour of moderate or vigorous-intensity activity each day, with at least 2.5 hours of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week.

  • Limit sedentary behavior such as sitting, lying down, watching TV, and other forms of screen-based entertainment.
  • Doing some physical activity above usual activities, no matter what one’s level of activity, can have many health benefits.
  • Eat a healthy diet, with an emphasis on plant foods
  • Avoid radiation Exposure & pollutants.
  • Adequate Breastfeeding
  • Get Vaccinated
  • Get Routine Medical Care
    1. Mammogram
      Women age 40 and older should have a screening mammogram every year and should continue to do so for as long as they are in good health, or up to age 70 if there are no other risk factors.
    2. Colonoscopy
      Beginning at age 50, both men and women at average risk for developing colorectal cancer should use one of the screening tests:

      • Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years
      • Colonoscopy every 10 years
    3. Pap smear
      All women should begin cervical cancer testing (screening) at age 21. Women aged 21 to 29, should have a Pap test every 3 years.
  • Other Health Tips

    1. Individuals should check their skin for moles that are new, large, or irregular; contain more than one color; or change color.
    2. An open dialogue with a family doctor supports important preventive measures on a timely basis, and if any tests suggest possible cancer, the result can be further explored quickly.
    3. Women in their 20s and 30s should have a clinical breast exam (CBE) as part of a periodic (regular) health exam by a health professional, at least every 3 years. After age 40, women should have a breast exam by a health professional every year.