July 14, 2019
The cause of breast cancer is still unknown; however, research has identified a number of factors that increase the chances (risks) of developing breast cancer. If you need to Consult the best oncologist in chennai contact us
Risk Factors You Cannot Control:
Gender: Women’s breast cells are constantly changing and growing, mainly due to the activity of the female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. This activity puts them at much greater risk for breast cancer.
Age: Simply growing older is the second biggest risk factor for breast cancer. From age 30 to 39, the risk is 1 in 228, or 44% which jumps to 1 in 29, or just under 3.5%, by the time you are in your 60s.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Pregnancy and breastfeeding reduce the overall number of menstrual cycles in a woman’s lifetime, and this appears to reduce future breast cancer risk.
Breast cellular changes: Unusual changes in breast cells found during a breast biopsy (removal of suspicious tissue for examination under a microscope) can be a risk factor for developing breast cancer. These changes include overgrowth of cells (called hyperplasia) or abnormal (atypical) appearance.
Family history of breast cancer: If you have a first-degree relative (mother, daughter, sister) who has had breast cancer, or you have multiple relatives affected by breast or ovarian cancer (especially before they turned age 50), you could be at higher risk of getting breast cancer
Race: White women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than are African-American women. African-American women have more tendency to aggressive tumors so they are more likely to get Breast Cancer. Asian, Hispanic, and Native American women have a lower risk of developing and dying from breast cancer.
Risk Factors You Can Control:
Weight: Being overweight is associated with increased risk of breast cancer, especially for women after menopause.
Diet: Studies are looking at the relationship between diet and breast cancer risk and the risk of recurrence. The Women’s Health Initiative Trial suggested that a diet very low in fat may reduce the risk of breast cancer.
Exercise: Evidence is growing that exercise can reduce breast cancer risk. The American Cancer Society recommends engaging in 45-60 minutes of physical exercise 5 or more days a week.
Exposure to estrogen: Because the female hormone estrogen stimulates breast cell growth, exposure to estrogen over long periods of time, without any breaks, can increase the risk of breast cancer.
Stress and anxiety: There is no clear proof that stress and anxiety can increase breast cancer risk. However, anything you can do to reduce your stress and to enhance your comfort, joy, and satisfaction can have a major effect on your quality of life. So-called “mindful measures” (such as meditation, yoga, visualization exercises, and prayer) may be valuable additions to your daily or weekly routine. Some research suggests that these practices can strengthen the immune system
Alcohol consumption: Studies have shown that breast cancer risk increases with the amount of alcohol a woman drinks. Alcohol can limit your liver’s ability to control blood levels of the hormone estrogen, which in turn can increase risk.
Smoking: Smoking is associated with a small increase in breast cancer risk.
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